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    Under the erstwhile regime, levy of VAT on sale of goods is applicable only when such sale has been undertaken in the course of business. On the contrary, levy of excise duty or service tax are not connected with the existence of business. Under GST laws, the phrase ‘business’ assumes a lot of significance, for the reason that levy in general is on supply of goods or services while the definition of ‘Supply’ as given in Section 7 of Central Goods & Services Tax Act, 2017 (for brevity CGST Act) provides that they should be undertaken in the course of or furtherance of business. In this backdrop, let us analyse the term ‘Business’ in connection with supply and try to understand the possible scope for ambiguity and litigation.


    The taxation of charitable activities is quite an interesting area. This further assumes significance when the said taxation is studied from both income tax and goods and services tax laws. In this article, the authors dwell upon the basics of taxation of charitable institutions under income tax and goods and services tax laws, then proceed with taking up certain issues of significance to understand the interplay.

    Taxation of Charitable Institutions under Income Tax Act, 1961:

    An entity can claim exemption under the Income Tax Act, 1961 (Income Tax Act) under Section 11 or Section 10(23C) or Section 10(223BBA) depending upon the purpose of the trust or institution or by whatever name called.



    The modern pharmaceutical industry can be traced back to the discoveries of insulin and penicillin in the early 20th century. These products began to be mass manufactured, particularly in European countries, with other developed countries following close behind. The implementation of scientific processes to the research and discovery of new medicines has led to the industry that exists today, with companies constantly searching for new products that heal, prevent, and cure consumers.

    Back in 2014, the total pharmaceutical revenues worldwide had exceeded one trillion U.S. dollars for the first time. Increased competition owing to the growing size of the industry has noticeably increased the complexities of operations, sales and marketing, which in turn have led to an alarming spike in malpractices by stakeholders involved at various levels in the industry.


    Insertion of Transfer Pricing Clauses in Tax Audit Report (‘TAR’) for Financial Year (‘FY’) 2017-18

    Assessee’s who enter into Specified Domestic Transactions (SDT’s)/ International Transactions with related parties/ Associated Enterprises (AE’s) must furnish the said details and independent CA certificate in Form 3CEB. However, the Govt. of India vide Notification No. 33/2018 (CBDT) has amended/ inserted some of Clauses pertaining to Transfer Pricing positions and its relevant disclosures in Form 3CD (Tax Audit Report). The said amendments shall come into effect from 20th August 2018 and these are applicable from FY 2017-18 onwards wherein the Chartered Accountant (CA) must comment upon the applicability of the amended clauses.

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